by Jahnvi Sharma

World Diabetes Day is observed on the 14th of November every year. It is the primary global campaign focusing on diabetes. 14th November was designated as the World Diabetes Day in 2007, by a resolution passed in the General Assembly.

Diabetes is a chronic disease. This disease occurs in two cases: when the pancreas is not being able to produce enough insulin or when the body is not able to efficiently utilise the insulin produced.

This leads to an increase in the glucose level of the blood.

There are two types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is described by the production of insulin in insufficient quantity. Type 1 diabetes was previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is caused by the insufficient use of insulin by the body. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity. Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes.

Diabetes is a primary cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputation. A healthy diet, physical activity and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or slow type 2 diabetes. In addition, diabetes can be treated and its consequences dodged or stopped with medication, routine screening and treatment for complications.

The theme for world diabetes day 2020 was 'the nurses and diabetes'.

The campaign aimed to raise awareness around the crucial role of nurses in supporting people living with diabetes. Nurses account for over half of the medical workforce globally.

They do exceptional work to aid people living with a wide range of health concerns. People who either live with diabetes or are at risk of developing the condition require their support too.

People living with diabetes encounter a number of challenges, and education is important to equip nurses with the abilities to support them.

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